Tailored to the needs of consumers,
there are now six kinds of drinking milk sold in Japan:milk,
low-fat milk, non-fat milk, composition-adjusted milk, processed
milk, and milk beverages. "Milk"means the raw milk
which was only milked and sterilized by heating,so it is 100%
pure cow's milk.It is banned to add any component other than
raw milk. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's"Ministry
Ordinance of milk"requires that the milk contain more
than 3.0% of fat and more than 8.0% of non-fat solids.
More recentry , most paper containers
so that vision-impaired people can tell easily that it contains
milk."Low-fat milk" is the residue of raw milk after
removal of a portion of the fat.The composition is adjusted
to 0.5%-1.5% of fat and more than 8.0% of non-fat solids.The
raw material is only raw milk like the "milk".The
composition is adjusted to less than 0.5% of fat and more
than 8.0% of non-fat solids.The raw material is also only
raw milk. "Composition-adjusted milk" is the residue
of raw milk after removal of certain compositions,and the
raw material is, again, only raw milk. For example, milk products
adjusted to more than 1.5% to less than 8.0% of non-fat solids
fall into this category.
"Processed milk"is mixture of raw milk and milk
products ,such as butter,cream,and skimmed milk powder.The
composition is required to be more than 8.0% of non-fat solids.In"milk
beverage,"non-milk orogin ingredients,such as coffee
extract,fruit juice,vitamins and minerals like iron or calcium,
are added separate from raw milk or milk products,such as
butter, cream, and skimmed milk powder.
The label of "milk"
was formerly used for processed milk or milk beverages as
the product name if the raw material contained more than 50%
of raw milk,but the label become unavailable for use on these
products in July 2002 because of the recent increase in consumer
awareness. In 2002, more than 80% of milk for drinking(milk
and processed milk) was packaged in paper cartons. Reusable
glass bottles are used by home delivery companies and at train
station milk stands. To easily distinguish whole milk from
processed milk, bottles of whole milk are sold with purple
caps while processed milk and milk drinks have yellow caps.