Tailored to the needs of consumers, there are now six kinds of drinking milk sold in Japan:milk, low-fat milk, non-fat milk, composition-adjusted milk, processed milk, and milk beverages. "Milk"means the raw milk which was only milked and sterilized by heating,so it is 100% pure cow's milk.It is banned to add any component other than raw milk. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's"Ministry Ordinance of milk"requires that the milk contain more than 3.0% of fat and more than 8.0% of non-fat solids.

More recentry , most paper containers so that vision-impaired people can tell easily that it contains milk."Low-fat milk" is the residue of raw milk after removal of a portion of the fat.The composition is adjusted to 0.5%-1.5% of fat and more than 8.0% of non-fat solids.The raw material is only raw milk like the "milk".The composition is adjusted to less than 0.5% of fat and more than 8.0% of non-fat solids.The raw material is also only raw milk. "Composition-adjusted milk" is the residue of raw milk after removal of certain compositions,and the raw material is, again, only raw milk. For example, milk products adjusted to more than 1.5% to less than 8.0% of non-fat solids fall into this category.
"Processed milk"is mixture of raw milk and milk products ,such as butter,cream,and skimmed milk powder.The composition is required to be more than 8.0% of non-fat solids.In"milk beverage,"non-milk orogin ingredients,such as coffee extract,fruit juice,vitamins and minerals like iron or calcium, are added separate from raw milk or milk products,such as butter, cream, and skimmed milk powder.

The label of "milk" was formerly used for processed milk or milk beverages as the product name if the raw material contained more than 50% of raw milk,but the label become unavailable for use on these products in July 2002 because of the recent increase in consumer awareness. In 2002, more than 80% of milk for drinking(milk and processed milk) was packaged in paper cartons. Reusable glass bottles are used by home delivery companies and at train station milk stands. To easily distinguish whole milk from processed milk, bottles of whole milk are sold with purple caps while processed milk and milk drinks have yellow caps.


Production by Classification of Container and Content(Milk)(January 2005)

  Total Bottles Paper Containers Other
Smaller
than 500ml
500ml
and Larger
Smaller
than 500ml
500ml
and Larger
All Japan
307,735
20,009
6,664
40,556
220,425
20,081

 

Production by Classification of Container and Content
(Processed Milk)(January 2005)

  Total Bottles Paper Containers Other
Smaller
than 500ml
500ml
and Larger
Smaller
than 500ml
500ml
and Larger
All Japan 35,468
2,326
273
1,440
30,246
1,183
Source:" Milk and Dairy Products Statistics;"Ministry of Agriculture,Forestry and Fisheries
 
(C) Japan Dairy Council All right reserved.